address perms offset dev inode pathname
08048000-08056000 r-xp 00000000 03:0c 64593 /usr/sbin/gpm
•address – This is the starting and ending address of the region in the process’s address space
•permissions – This describes how pages in the region can be accessed. There are four different permissions: read, write, execute, and shared. If read/write/execute are disabled, a ‘-‘ will appear instead of the ‘r’/’w’/’x’. If a region is not shared, it is private, so a ‘p’ will appear instead of an ‘s’. If the process attempts to access memory in a way that is not permitted, a segmentation fault is generated. Permissions can be changed using the mprotect system call.
•offset – If the region was mapped from a file (using mmap), this is the offset in the file where the mapping begins. If the memory was not mapped from a file, it’s just 0.
•device – If the region was mapped from a file, this is the major and minor device number (in hex) where the file lives.
•inode – If the region was mapped from a file, this is the file number.
•pathname – If the region was mapped from a file, this is the name of the file. This field is blank for anonymous mapped regions. There are also special regions with names like [heap], [stack], or [vdso]. [vdso] stands for virtual dynamic shared object. It’s used by system calls to switch to kernel mode. Here’s a good article about it.